The researcher has taken the opportunity for analysis of active portfolio in management outperformance and passive management in the business cycle. For this analysis, the dissertation has been divided into three chapters
In the first chapter, a Literature review of Active Portfolio Management, Passive portfolio Management, Common practices of US fund and the Business cycle has been discussed. The impact of mutual funds in the market and financial sector andÿhistoryÿof fund market has been described. In the chapter, the management of the portfolio in the context ofÿactiveÿand passive way has been described.
In chapter two, the research methodology used for the research has been discussed. In this research two methodologies have been used that is Desk research and Empirical research. Desk research methodology has been used as the data is collected from the existing resource which helped to reduce the time and cost of the research, it is performed at the starting phase of the market research. Empirical research has been used which is based on observation and phenomenon which are measures and derivation of knowledge from experience.
In chapter three, the research design, research philosophy, research approach and data collection and analysis method which is used has been described. In this research descriptive design, deductive approach and secondary research philosophy have been used. In the research secondary data collection method and qualitative data collection method has been used. This research includes the active and passive portfolio analysis along with performance analysis.

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