How do you explain the shift in the historical trajectory of the Muslim world from a period of ascendancy between the fifteenth and the seventeenth century to a period of decline and European domination from the eighteenth century on? The paper should be double space a minimum of 3 pages and a maximum of 5 pages long. Students are expected to use at least a total of 5 academic references (reference journal articles or books) in their papers. The paper will be graded based on 5 criteria: content language/clarity references organization and completeness. Late papers will not be accepted unless accompanied by a documented excuse.