What is the aim of the determination of latitude, longitude and azimuth with astronomic methods?

2.) a.) Please explain how to perform transformation between the International Celestial Reference Frame (ICRS) defined by International Astronomic Union (IAU) and the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRS) defined by IERS.

b.) What is the importance of this transformation between ICRS and ITRS?

3.) Please answer the following questions.

a.) What effects can occur on the Earth due to the fact that the moon furthers away from Earth 3.8 cm per year?

b.) What effects can occur on the Earth due to the fact that the EarthÂ’s speed of rotation is slowing down?

4.) Regarding the Mars InSight (Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport) Mission

a.) Why this mission is important? (with the goals of mission)

b.) What is the contribution of Geodesy to InSight mission?

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