Answer the following;

What are the three categories of “the good” as they are presented in Book Two of The Republic?

To which of these three categories do Glaucon and Adeimantus assign morality?  To which does Socrates assign it?

Do you agree with Glaucon and Adeimantus, or with Socrates?  Explain.

What are the two levels of moral conflict?

What are the three approaches to moral conflict?

What is the distinction of the pluralistic approach?  What challenge accompanies this distinction?

What is the difference b/n descriptive ethical relativism and normative ethical relativism?

Explain the five dimensions of the doctrine of ethical relativism.  What arguments can be directed against ethical relativism?

Explain the principles of ethical pluralism and their accordance with a number of basic intuitions about the moral life.  How has it been suggested that pluralism surpasses both absolutism and relativism by possessing all of these principles.

The focus of moral evaluation can be directed toward either of two things.  What are theses two focal points of moral evaluation?  How can each of these two be analyzed into two even more specific categories? [see diagram in text on p 47]

What are the four suggestions Hinman offers for approaching the diversity of religious beliefs?

In ethical discourse about divine command theories, one of the primary questions is the relationship between what two things?

What reasons can be offered to criticize the role of religion in morality?  What reasons can be offered in support of its role?

What is the difference b/n a fundamentalist and an ecumenical approach to religion?  Which of the two resonates with pluralism?

What kind of ethical theory are both egoism and utilitarianism?  What is the difference between the two?

In general, how does a utilitarian determine what is right?

Explain the different utilitarian approaches to the question of what constitutes utility.  What are the relative merits and drawbacks of the different approaches?

How does the idea of a utilitarian calculus resonate with a way of thinking frequently used in our everyday lives?

How much utility must we strive for according to utilitarianism?  What is supererogation?  What does this have to do with utilitarianism?

What are the different things of which we can judge their consequences?

What is the advantage of an act-oriented approach to utilitarianism?  What criticisms can be directed toward this approach?  Which of these criticisms is most threatening to this approach?  Explain through the use of an example. [Think of the terrorist training camp.]

What is the difference b/n act and rule utilitarianism?

What is the main principle of practice utilitarianism?

What two insights may be gleaned from utilitarianism?

Place the word count at 825.

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