Type your answers to the questions below in a separate Word document. It is not necessary to
copy the questions onto the answer sheet.
This worksheet should be completed individually. All answers will be submitted to
Turnitin.com to check for originality. Answers to the questions should come from information
provided in the lectures and textbook, rather than other sources.
1. Explain why cultural factors must be considered in distinguishing normal from abnormal behavior,
and provide two examples of behaviors that are
consider normal in some cultures but abnormal in other cultures. (approximately 4-5 sentences; 5
2. Your professor said that “psychological disorders are strikingly common.” Explain what was meant
by this comment, and briefly summarize evidence on the prevalence of psychological disorders which
supports this view. (approximately 4-5 sentences; 5 points)
3. What is free-floating anxiety? (approximately 1 sentence; 4 points)
4. A student has an exaggerated fear of spiders. As a result, he refuses to enter his bedroom at night
until it has been thoroughly checked for spiders. Even a picture of a spider creates extreme fear and
anxiety. Identify this psychological disorder. (2 points)
5. A student suffers from acrophobia, a fear of high places. His therapist suggests that his fear of
heights is the result a childhood playground accident in which he fell off a swing. As explained in the
textbook, what type of learning may account for the student’s phobia? (2 points)
6. A person who has recurring thoughts of contamination and washes her hands up to twenty times a
day likely has which disorder? (2 points)
7. Which term refers to repetitive behaviors that a person must engage in order to avoid severe
anxiety, such as checking the alarm clock dozens of times each night? (2 points)
8. Two years after being brutally attacked, a man still experiences anxiety, has trouble
sleeping, and experiences vivid flashbacks (memories) of the attack. Identify this psychological
disorder. (2 points)
9. Follow a traumatic event, some people develop posttraumatic stress disorder while others don’t.
Briefly identify the three factors which influence the likelihood of developing PTSD. (approximately
3 sentences; 4 points)
10. Which disorder is often called “the common cold” of psychological disorders? (2 points)
11. Which psychological disorder is characterized by separate episodes of depression and mania? (2
12. Briefly explain the symptoms of a manic episode. (approximately 2-3 sentences; 4 points)
13. A schizophrenic patient complains that he hears threatening voices that are telling him that he is
evil and should drown himself. What are symptoms of this nature called? (2 points)
14. A schizophrenic patient believes that he has magical powers and is a world leader. What type of
delusions is this patient experiencing? (2 points)
BONUS QUESTION (This question is optional; 2 points)
15. What is your favorite quotation?

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